In 1933, the year of the Centery of Emancipation and the ratification of the Forced Labour Convention at the Intertiol Labour Organisation (ILO), the condition of Aborigil workers in Australia drew the attention of groups interested in 'tive' forced labour in other parts of the world. Aborigil workers, while formally excluded from intertiol intervention as the domestic concern of a member tion state, were considered during discussions between humanitarian circles (specifically the Anti-Slavery Society in London) and a leading intertiol lawyer working for the ILO in Geneva. The article argues that the terms of the exchange, with its focus on the provision of wages to non-European, Indigenous labour, should be read in the context of a heightened interest in 'anti-slavery' during that year in coincidence with renewed intertiol publicity concerning the failure of 'protection' in Australia.