2010

Authors

  • Barbara M. Masser Barbara M. Masser
  • Katherine M. White Katherine M. White
  • Kyra Hamilton Kyra Hamilton
  • Blake M. McKimmie Blake M. McKimmie

BACKGROUND: Data from prior health scares suggest that an avian influenza outbreak will impact on people's intention to dote blood; however research exploring this is scarce. Using an augmented theory of planned behavior (TPB), incorporating threat perceptions alongside the ratiol decision-making components of the TPB, the current study sought to identify predictors of blood donors' intentions to dote during two phases of an avian influenza outbreak. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood donors (N = 172) completed an on-line survey assessing the standard TPB predictors as well as measures of threat perceptions from the health belief model (HBM; i.e., perceived susceptibility and severity). Path alyses examined the utility of the augmented TPB to predict donors' intentions to dote during a low- and high-risk phase of an avian influenza outbreak. RESULTS: In both phases, the model provided a good fit to the data explaining 69% (low risk) and 72% (high risk) of the variance in intentions. Attitude, subjective norm, and perceived susceptibility significantly predicted donor intentions in both phases. Within the low-risk phase, gender was an additiol significant predictor of intention, while in the high-risk phase, perceived behavioral control was significantly related to intentions. CONCLUSION: An augmented TPB model can be used to predict donors' intentions to dote blood in a low-risk and a high-risk phase of an outbreak of avian influenza. As such, the results provide important insights into donors' decision-making that can be used by blood agencies to maintain the blood supply in the context of an avian influenza outbreak.