Brown A. J. and Deem J. A tale of two regiolisms: improving the measurement of regiolism in Australia and beyond, Regiol Studies. Studies of regiol identification are integral to the role of regiolism in political development, but how does one study regiolism when subtiol political scales and regiol political culture may be out of alignment? This question is tackled using Australia, a federation theorized as having possibly hit a regiolization 'ceiling effect', but which empirical study using a moderate relatiol approach shows to have not one regiolism but two within its political culture: formal 'state-regiolism' reflected in its federal system and a more organic 'region-regiolism' only thinly reflected in political structure, albeit apparently still consistent with federalism. Both are identified as politically salient and reflected in institutiol preferences, but as also reinforcing debates that regiolization from a devolutiory perspective is far from complete, as manifested in citizen support for new regiol government. The results better inform reform debates and provide departure points for research.