This thesis attempts to identify barriers to improved (regulatory) outcomes in Australian farm animal welfare regulatory frameworks, particularly the Queensland saleyard framework. In the context of this work, I interpret ‘improved outcomes’ to include improved animal wellbeing, for the benefit of the animals themselves. Drawing on literature from the regulatory, animal law and animal protection sectors, and finally the fieldwork findings, the thesis looks at ways to address, help prevent and/ or remove the barriers. In summary, the thesis proposes small changes to the overarching Australian farm animal welfare framework design, legal structures, regulatory approaches, regulatory culture and regulation to improve outcomes for animals. More specifically, changes to the Queensland saleyard framework could include for instance, initiatives to boost enforcement of animal users’ duty of care obligations (under ACPA 2001 (Qld)) and welfare compliance, particularly that concerning the framework’s most vulnerable (e.g., injured) and lowest dollar value animals (e.g., unwanted bobby calves). Vulnerable and low dollar value animals in the saleyard system may also include: very young animals (e.g., born during transport to saleyard or at yard); culled production animals (e.g., animals past ‘prime’ production); captured unwanted animals (e.g., wild cattle or goats) and physically or psychologically compromised animals (e.g., injured, crippled, distressed, sick or weak animals).
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