2010

Authors

  • Benjamin Turner Benjamin Turner
  • Jennifer Fleming Jennifer Fleming
  • Petrea Cornwell Petrea Cornwell
  • Terry Haines Terry Haines
  • Tamara Ownsworth Tamara Ownsworth

Primary objective: To profile early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their family caregivers. Research design: Prospective longitudil study with data collected at three time points: pre-discharge and 1- and 3-months post-discharge. Methods and procedures: Participants included 26 individuals with ABI and 26 family caregivers, who were assessed on measures of global functioning, psychosocial reintegration, health-related quality-of-life and emotiol well-being. Changes in outcomes over time and group comparisons were examined using repeated measures ANOVAs with relevant post-hoc alyses. Results: Participants typically demonstrated improved global functioning and psychosocial reintegration during the transition period, with closer alignment of perspectives (i.e. comparisons between self-ratings of participants with ABI and ratings of family caregivers) at 3-months post-discharge on the occupatiol activities and living skills domains. Additiolly, levels of depression and stress reported by participants with ABI were observed to increase over time. Conclusions: Collectively, the results highlight the critical ture of the transition phase for psychosocial reintegration and emotiol adjustment and support the need for holistic approaches to transition-specific interventions.