• Louise Porter Louise Porter
  • Laurence J. Alison Laurence J. Alison

This study provides an alysis of offender-victim interactions in 223 cases of sexual violence committed in gangs. Cases were derived from archival sources such as law reports. A multivariate alysis revealed four interpersol themes (domince, submission, co-operation, and hostility) previously identified in studies of lone sexual assault [Alison and Stein, Vicious Circles: Accounts of stranger sexual assault reflect abusive variants of conventiol interactions. J Forensic Psychiatry 12:515-538, 2001]. These themes have also been identified in many other forms of human relating [Wiggins, An informal history of the interpersol circumplex tradition. J Pers Assess 66:217-233, 1996] and conform to a structure known as the interpersol circumplex. The circumplex has previously been used to conceptualise the relationships between individuals in terms of dymic interactions that are mutually influencing. Thus, domince elicits submission and submission elicits domince. Each interpersol style could be further subdivided according to the use of either verbally or physically abusive strategies. Point-Biserial correlations with other aspects of the offence (e.g., mobility of the group, post-offence treatment of the victim) provided additiol support for these conceptually different themes and demonstrated that gang rape represents a distorted and violent form of interpersol relating. Further, this dymic interaction emerges not just at an individual level, but at a group level, suggesting that the thematic concepts underpinning the interpersol circumplex can be extended to group activity and sexually aggressive behaviour.