Dr Cara Beal is a Senior Lecturer in Environmental Health at the School of Medicine and Senior Research Fellow at the Cities Research Institute and School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University. Dr Beal has active research interests in the field of environmental health and science, WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene) and environmental engineering. She also co-convenes the WASH course for the Masters program at the International WaterCentre. Her research topics include water resource management, First Peoples Environmental Health, remote and regional water-energy efficiency, smart asset management, social research on customer behaviour change and community engagement. Dr Beal supervises Honours, Masters and PhD students in these areas.
Current projects include:
Remote and Isolated Communities Essential Services Project (RICES) (GU)
Pacific Community Water Management + (IWC/GU)
Sustainable Water and Waste Management Project (Torres Strait Island Regional Council /GU)
Schools Water Conservation Project (CoGC & GU)
Scoping study on Safe Drinking Water and Sewerage Services in Remote Communities (WSAA / ISF / UQ / GU)
Member of National Organising Committee for IWA Small Water and Wastewater Systems conference, Perth, December 2019 https://www.swws2019.com/
Member the Scientific Advisory Board of the 2nd Latin American Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems http://www.buenosaires2020.sdewes.org
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island communities
- Environmental Health
- Environmental science
- Isolated and remote communities
- Smart metering and intelligent water utilities
- Water and water related energy monitoring and disaggregation
- Water energy land nexus
- Water sanitation hygiene WASH
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Knowledge
- Environmental Management
- Water Resources Engineering
- South Africa
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Beal, C., Jackson, M., Stewart, R., Rayment, C., & Miller, A. (2018). Identifying and understanding the drivers of high water consumption in remote Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island communities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 2425–2434.
- Sahin, O., Bertone, E., Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2018). Evaluating a novel tiered scarcity adjusted water budget and pricing structure using a holistic systems modelling approach. Journal of Environmental Management, 215, 79–90.
- Stewart, R., Nguyen, K., Beal, C., Zhang, H., Sahin, O., Bertone, E., … Kossieris, P. (2018). Integrated intelligent water-energy metering systems and informatics: Visioning a digital multi-utility service provider. Environmental Modelling & Software, 105, 94–117.
- Vieira, A. S., Stewart, R., Lamberts, R., & Beal, C. (2018). Residential solar water heaters in Brisbane, Australia: Key performance parameters and indicators. Renewable Energy, 116, 120–132.
- Wakeford, J., House, C., Butt, T., Paul, P., & Beal, C. (2018). Flood Vulnerability and the Three Dimensions of Sustainability Philosophy: An Innovative Concept Design for Rapid Assessment. In Handbook of Sustainability Science and Research (pp. 773–782).
- Sahin, O., Bertone, E., & Beal, C. (2017). A systems approach for assessing water conservation potential through demand-based water tariffs. Journal of Cleaner Production, 148, 773–784.
- Beal, C., Gurung, R., & Stewart, R. (2016). Demand-side management for supply-side efficiency: modeling tailored strategies for reducing peak residential water demand. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 6, 1–11.
- Beal, C., Gurung, R., & Stewart, R. (2016). Modelling the impacts of water efficient technologies on energy intensive water systems in remote and isolated communities. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 1–11.
- Butt, T., Javadi, A., Nunns, M., & Beal, C. (2016). Development of a conceptual framework of holistic risk assessment — Landfill as a particular type of contaminated land. Science of the Total Environment, 569-570, 815–829.
- Gurung, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Sharma, A. K. (2016). Investigating the Financial Implications and Viability of Diversified Water Supply Systems in an Urban Water Supply Zone. Water Resources Management, 30(11), 4037–4051.
- Gurung, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Sharma, A. K. (2016). Smart meter enabled informatics for economically efficient diversified water supply infrastructure planning. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 1023–1033.
- Vieira, A. S., Humphrys, S., Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2016). Optimising Residential Water Heating System Performance to Minimise Water-energy Penalties. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 4(2), 161–172.
- Beal, C., & Flynn, J. (2015). Toward the digital water age: Survey and case studies of Australian water utility smart-metering programs. Utilities Policy, 32, 29–37.
- Beal, C., Chong, M. N., Fyfe, J., Turner, A., & Gardner, T. (2015). Quantifying mains water savings from residential tanks. In Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply (pp. 47–72).
- Gurung, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Sharma, A. (2015). Impacts of water efficient appliances on the design of the water supply infrastructure. In M. A. D. (USA) (Ed.), . Presented at the Efficient 2015, Cincinnati, USA. 20-24 April 2015 (2015).
- Makki, A., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Panuwatwanich, K. (2015). Novel bottom-up urban water demand forecasting model: Revealing the determinants, drivers and predictors of residential indoor end-use consumption. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 95, 15–37.
- Sahin, O., Beal, C., Khan, S., Kersting, A., & Dewe, J. (2015). A modelling framework for assessing water conservation potentials through demand-based tariff structures from societal and economic perspectives. Presented at the MODSIM 2015, Gold Coast, Australia (2015).
- Beal, C., & Flynn, J. (2014). The 2014 Review of Smart Metering and Intelligent Water Networks in Australia and New Zealand, 1–52.
- Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2014). Identifying Residential Water End Uses Underpinning Peak Day and Peak Hour Demand. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 140(7), 04014008–1–04014008–10.
- Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2014). South East Queensland Residential End-Use Study: Stage 2 final report and summary of water consumption trends from 2010 to 2014, 1–92.
- Beal, C., Makki, A., & Stewart, R. (2014). What does rebounding water use look like? An examination of post-drought and post-flood water end-use demand in Queensland, Australia. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, 14(4), 561–568.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Larsen, S. (2014). Exploring the residential water-energy nexus in remote regions: results from a Far North Queensland water end-use pilot study. Water, 41(3), 78–82.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., Giurco, D., & Panuwatwanich, K. (2014). Intelligent Metering for Urban Water Planning and Management. In K. Adeyeye (Ed.), Water Efficiency in Buildings: Theory and Practice (pp. 129–146). United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons.
- Gurung, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Sharma, A. K. (2014). Smart meter enabled water end-use demand data: platform for the enhanced infrastructure planning of contemporary urban water supply networks. Journal of Cleaner Production, 1–13.
- Gurung, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., & Sharma, A. K. (2014). Smart meters for enhanced water supply network modelling and infrastructure planning. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 90, 34–50.
- Vieira, A. S., Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2014). Residential water heaters in Brisbane, Australia: thinking beyond technology selection to enhance energy efficiency and level of service. Energy and Buildings, 82, 222–236.
- Vieira, A. S., Beal, C., Ghisi, E., & Stewart, R. (2014). Energy intensity of rainwater harvesting systems: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 34, 225–242.
- Vieira, A. S., Stewart, R., & Beal, C. (2014). Air source heat pump water heaters in residential buildings in Australia: Identification of key performance parameters. Energy and Buildings, 91, 148–162.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Fielding, K. (2013). A novel mixed method smart metering approach to reconciling differences between perceived and actual residential end use water consumption. Journal of Cleaner Production, 60, 116–128.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Makki, A. (2013). What does rebounding water use look like? An examination of post-drought and post-flood water end-use demand in Queensland, Australia. Presented at the 7th International Conference on Efficient Use and Management of Water (Efficient 2013), Paris, France (2013).
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., Gardner, J., Fielding, K., Spinks, A., & McCrae, R. (2013). Mind or Machine? Examining the drivers of residential water end-use efficiency. Water, 40(3), 66–70.
- Makki, A., Stewart, R., Panuwatwanich, K., & Beal, C. (2013). Revealing the determinants of shower water end use consumption: enabling better targeted urban water conservation strategies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 60, 129–146.
- Stewart, R., Giurco, D., & Beal, C. (2013). Age of intelligent metering and big data: Hydroinformatics challenges and opportunities. HydroLink, 4(4), 107–110.
- Beal, C., Bertone, E., & Stewart, R. (2012). Evaluating the energy and carbon reductions resulting from resource-efficient household stock. Energy and Buildings, 55, 422–432.
- Beal, C., Makki, A., & Stewart, R. (2012). Identifying the drivers of water consumption: A summary of results from the South East Queensland residential end use study. In B., D.K., Kenway, S.J., Biermann, S.M. and Wakem, S.L. (Ed.), . Presented at the Science Forum and Stakeholder Engagement: Building Linkages, Collaboration and Science Quality, Brisbane, Australia (2012).
- Beal, C., Sharma, A., Gardner, T., & Chong, M. (2012). A Desktop Analysis of Potable Water Savings from Internally Plumbed Rainwater Tanks in South-East Queensland, Australia. Water Resources Management, 26(6), 1577–1590.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Bertone, E. (2012). Implications of resource-efficient technology on peak water demand and water-related energy demand. In B., D.K., Kenway, S.J., Biermann, S.M. and Wakem, S.L. (Ed.), . Presented at the Science Forum and Stakeholder Engagement: Building Linkages, Collaboration and Science Quality, Brisbane, Australia (2012).
- Bennett, C., Stewart, R., & Beal, C. (2012). ANN-Based Residential Water End-use Demand Forecasting Model. Expert Systems With Applications, 40(4), 1014–1023.
- Bertone, E., Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2012). Using evidenced-based data to optimise water-energy-GHG nexus efficiency programs for residential developments in Queensland, Australia. In R. Earle (Ed.), . Presented at the IWA 2012, Dublin, Ireland (2012).
- Carragher, B., Stewart, R., & Beal, C. (2012). Quantifying the influence of residential water appliance efficiency on average day diurnal demand patterns at an end use level: A precursor to optimised water service infrastructure planning. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 62, 81–90.
- Coultas, E., Maheepala, S., Neumann, L., Beal, C., Stewart, R., Chong, M., & Sharma, A. (2012). Towards the quantification of rainwater tank yield in South East Queensland by considering the spatial variability of tanks. In B., D.K., Kenway, S.J., Biermann, S.M. and Wakem, S.L. (Ed.), . Presented at the Science Forum and Stakeholder Engagement: Building Linkages, Collaboration and Science Quality, Brisbane, Australia (2012).
- Beal, C., & Stewart, R. (2011). South East Queensland Residential End Use Study: Final Report, 1–174.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Huang, A. (2011). Residential water consumption in South East Queensland, Australia: using smart technology and participant involvement as a means to an end use. Presented at the International Conference on Integrated Water Managemen, Murdoch University, Perth, WA (2011).
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., Huang, A., & Cobos, E. R. (2011). SEQ Residential End Use Study. Water, 38, 92–98.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., Spinks, A. B., & Fielding, K. (2011). Believed versus actual hosehold water use: disaggregating end uses to inform water conservation attitudes in Qld, Australia. Presented at the The Sixth IWA Specialist Conference on Efficient Use and Management of Water, Dead Sea, Jordan (2011).
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., Spinks, A., & Fielding, K. (2011). Using smart meters to identify social and technological impacts on residential water consumption. Water Science and Technology, 11(5), 527–533.
- Makki, A., Stewart, R., Panuwatwanich, K., & Beal, C. (2011). Development of a domestic water end use consumption forecasting modelfor South-East Queensland, Australia. Presented at the The Sixth IWA Specialist Conference on Efficient Use and Management of Water, Dead Sea, Jordan (2011).
- Talebpour, R., Stewart, R., Beal, C., Dowling, B., Sharma, A., & Fane, S. (2011). Rainwater Tank End Usage and Energy Demand: A Pilot Study. Water: Journal of the Australian Water Association, 38(1), 97–101.
- Beal, C., Stewart, R., & Huang, A. (2010). South East Queensland Residential End Use Study: Baseline Results - Winter 2010, 31, 1–47.
- Hood, B., Gardner, E., Barton, R., Gardiner, R., Beal, C., Hyde, R., & Walton, C. (2010). Decentralised development: the Ecovillage at Currumbin. Water, Sept(2010), 37–43.
- Hood, B., Gardner, E., & Beal, C. (2009). Domestic urine separation captures plant macronutrients. Water, 36(1), 28–31.
- Beal, C., Gardner, T., Ahmed, W., Walton, C., & Hamlyn-Harris, D. (2008). Urine-separation and reuse trial. Water, 35(1), 66–69.
- Beal, C., Rassam, D., Gardner, E., Kirchhof, G., & Menzies, N. (2008). Influence of Hydraulic Loading and Effluent Flux on Surface Surcharging in Soil Absorption Systems. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 13(8), 681–692.
- Beal, C., Gardner, E., Kirchhof, G., & Menzies, N. (2006). Long-term ﬂow rates and biomat zone hydrology in soil columns receiving septic tank efﬂuent. Water Research, 40(12), 2327–2338.
- Beal, C., Gardner, T., Rassam, D. W., Vieritz, A. M., & Menzies, N. W. (2006). Efﬂuent ﬂux prediction in variably saturated soil zones within a septic tank–soil absorption trench. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 44, 677–686.
- Gardner, E., Vieritz, A., & Beal, C. (2006). Are on-site systems environmentally sustainable? Water, 33(1), 28–33.
- Vieritz, A., Beavers, P., Gardner, E., Beal, C., Doherty, J., Baisden, J., & Turner, T. (2006). Risk assessment for impacts from non-sewered subdivisions. Water, 33(1), 28–30.
- Beal, C., Gardner, E., & Menzies, N. (2005). Process, performance and pollution potential: a review of septic tank-soil absorption systems. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 43(7), 781–802.
- Beal, C., Gardner, E., & Menzies, N. (2005). Septic absorption trenches: are they sustainable? Water, 32(1), 36–40.
- Beal, C., Gardner, E., Christiansen, C., & Beavers, P. (2005). A review of on-site wastewater practices in south-east Queensland. Water, 32(4), 69–74.
- (2018). AustraliaⳠRemote Indigenous Communities: A Scoping Study on Safe Drinking Water and Sewerage Services: Phase 1A
- (2018). Gold Coast City Schools Water Efficiency Project
- (2018). International WaterCentre teaching 7941ESC
- (2018). Torres Strait Island Sustainable Water Project
- (2018). Workshop on Remote Community WASH: towards a cross government approach
- (2017). Review of Digital Metering Gate
- (2010). Domestic Water End Use Study - High Resolution Water Measurement
Panel ChairCA 2018 Panel Session - Indigenous communities adapting, NCCARF Climate Adaptation conference 2018, 2018,
PanelistWater Research Australia Symposium (Water in the Bush Conference), Australian Water Association NT Branch, 2017,
Invitation to participate in a Panel discussion - Water Research Australia Symposium - on water management challenges in remote communitiesWorkshopFiji Australian Award Fellowship, International WaterCentre (IWC), 2017,
Guest speaker and workshop facilitator at the Fiji Australian Award FellowshipPresentationWater Planning and Regulation Branch meeting, Qld Department of Resources, Mines and Energy, 2017,
Presenting research outcomes to government policy and water plannersPanelistDIGITAL WATER NETWORKS - Focus Group, Australian Utility Week, 2015,
Invited Panel member to provide academic/research context for transformation to digital water utlitiesKeynote AddressUK Water Efficiency Conference, WATEF Network & University of Brighton, UK, 2015,
Presenting international keynote address on water-energy nexus research at Griffith UniversityPanelistToward the Digital Water Utility Conference, Water Services Association of Australia (WSAA), 2014,
Invited panel member to presenting applied research outcomes from smart metering researchPanelistQueensland Urban Water Industry Innovation Forum, Queensland water directorate, 2014,
Discussing the scientific rigour and benefits of data management and analytics for Qld water utilitiesWorkshopInnovations in Water Policy - Theory, Practice and Impacts, Institute of Water Policy, National University of Singapore, 2013,
Invited to attend focussed workshop and present research findings on demand management from SEQ Millennium droughtKeynote AddressIPIQ Seminar and Expo, Institute of Plumbing Inspectors Queensland Inc., 2013,
Invited keynote to presenting research findings on benefits of smart water metering in buildings to plumbing sectorWorkshopTapping the Turn - Water's Social Dimensions, ANU, Canberra, 2012,
Invited to run a workshop: the What, Why, When and Where of Water. Discussing research findings from the SEQ residential end-use study
Apply for a PhD or research degree at GriffithDr Beal is currently supervising:</br></br>Melissa Jackson - Thesis: Improving remote community sustainability and resilience: Applying local and technical knowledge in dialogue for potable water and energy system management in Indigenous communities. (Primary supervisor)</br></br>Abel Silva Vieira - Thesis: Residential hot water services in Australia:</br>Thinking beyond technology selection to enhance energy efficiency and level of service (Associate Supervisor) Cara is a Senior Lecturer in Environmental Health (School of Medicine) and Senior Research Fellow (School of Engineering and Built Environment) and full member of the Cities Research Institute at Griffith University. Her teaching and research interests include environmental health, water, sanitation and hygiene, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples environmental health, Pacific Island community water management+, resilient & sustainable water and water-related energy management, behaviour change and community engagement, smart metering and big data, schools water efficiency management.
PhD SoilSc PhD in Soil Science, University of Queensland 2002 - 2005
BSc AustEnvSt Bachelor of Science (Australian Environmental Studies), Griffith University 1993 - 1996
Senior Lecturer in Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Griffith University 2018 -
Senior Research Fellow, Griffith University 2015 -
Research Fellow, Griffith University 2009 - 2014
Pro VIce Chancellors Research Excellence Awards- Excellence of a Research Group or Team, Griffith University (Science Group) 2018 - 2018
Winner Best Paper/Presentation, NQ Australian Water Association Regional Conference 2018 - 2018
Finalist for Research Innovation Award, Australian Water Association, Qld Branch 2017 - 2017
Winner - Rural & Remote ICT and Life Sciences Award, Women in Technology 2016 - 2016
Mid-Career Accelerate Fellowship, Queensland Government 2014 -
Winner - Young Water Scientist of the Year, Co-operative Research Centre 2005 - 2005
Michael Flynn Award for Best Poster at OzWater Conference, Australian Water Association 2005 - 2005
Post Graduate Award in Excellence in Soil Science for PhD Thesis, Australian Soil Science Society Inc. (Qld Branch) 2008 - 2008
Urban Water Scientist (Water Cycle Science group, Department of Environment and Resource Management (Qld Govt) 2006 - 2009
Scientific advisor for Purified Recycled Water Scheme (part time), Queensland Water Commission 2007 - 2007
Senior Consultant, Envirotech Treatment Systems 2001 - 2002
HDR Portfolio, Cities Research Institute Executive Group 2018 -
LGBTIQ+ representative, Griffith Sciences Equity Committee 2018 -
Ally and GU Sciences representative, Griffith Ally Network and Griffith Pride Working Party 2016 -
Standards Technical committee member, Australian and New Zealand Standards AS/NZS 1546, 1547 2004 - 2016
Editorial board member, Resources Journal (MDPI) 2016 -
Gateway Reviewer for Digital Metering Joint Program Gate 1 Review, Victorian Department of Treasury and Finance 2017 - 2017
Water Expert Panel member - advisory panel to the Minister for Water and Energy Supply, Qld Government (DEWS) 2014 -
IWA Full member, International Water Association 2010 -
AWA Full member, Australian Water Association 2007 -
Water Expert Panel member - advisory panel to the Minister for Water and Energy Supply, Department of Water and Energy Supply 2014 -